About Haripur

For many years, Haripur's history and culture is being destroyed. There was no place or platform which could be able to store the Haripur's heritage. So, we decided to make a Haripur encyclopedia in form of a website, in which we are trying to promote the precious Haripur's heritage. This is first website about Haripur and hope that this effort will show good results.
Watch some pictures from history | Famous people from HaripurUnion Councils

History

Hari Singh Nalwa

Hari Singh Nalwa

Haripur (meaning Hari's town) was founded in 1822 by Hari Singh Nalwa (below in pic), a Sikh General of Ranjit Singh's army. He was the Governor of Kashmir in 1822-23. Haripur, formerly a military cantonment, was renamed in honour of the Sikh general Hari Singh Nalwa in 1822 and became the headquarters of Hazara (until 1853) Hari Singh Nalwa was appointed by Raja Ranjit Singh as the second Nazim of Hazara after the first Nazim Amar Singh Majithia was killed by the local populace at Nara Haripur was built as a fortress surrounded by a wall which was 4 yards (3.7 m) thick and 16 yards (15 m) high and had only four openings. That fort later became the city police station.

History of Haripur

There is a famous Campus of Allama Iqbal Open University.Drinking water was provided by digging a tank. Many small drainages were dug to carry sullage water. A small river, the river Dore, passes through the city, feeding the Tarbela Dam.Baron Hugal visited the town on December 23 , 1835 , and he found the town humming with activity. The municipality was constituted in 1867. An obelisk marks the grave of Colonel Canara, a European officer of the Sikh Artillery, who fell in 1848 defending his guns single-handed against the insurgents under Chattar Singh.In 1851 the 4th (Hazara) Mountain Battery was raised from Hazara gunners, who were trained by Major Abbott in order to defend Hazara District. The Hazaras embarked on many campaigns throughout the province.The population in 1901 was 5,578 and the income and expenditure during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 17,800. In 1903-4 the income and expenditure were Rs. 19,100 and Rs. 20,000 respectively.

Administration:

The District of Haripur was a Tehsil of Abbottabad District until 1992 when it was separated from the District of Abbottabad and made into a district in its own right. Haripur is a rich and developing social capital in the Hazara region. Haripur District is divided into three tehsils which are subdivided into a total of 44 Union Councils of which 15 are urban Union Councils; Haripur which is divided into (37 Union Councils) and Ghazi (7 Union Councils). Khanpur (Nelwy Announced)

Importance

The area is rich in natural resources and holds special significance because of two very important water reservoirs - the Tarbela Dam and Khanpur dam. This district has high importance from geographical point of view. Because it is known as a gateway between Hazara division and NWFP and other side its boundaries attached with the capital Islamabad. The biggest Tarbel Dam made of mud is also situated here on the river Sindh. This dam produces 2200-Megawatt of electricity to fulfil the country's energy needs.

Statistics

The total area of district Haripur is 1725 km². : 466 inhabitants per square kilometre. : In the year 2005 the estimated population of the district was 803,000.

:Agriculture is the livelihood of the rural population. Total arable area is 77370 acres. For highly economic development Provisional Government, Central Government and from extraneous aids projects are going on.

Demographics

Haripur district is situated at latitude 33° 44' to 34° 22' and longitude 72° 35' to 73° 15' and about 610 meters above the sea level.

Boundary

The geographical significance of the district lies in the fact that its boundaries touch Mardan, a centre of ancient Gandhara civilization in the north west. Abbottabad District in the north east, Mansehra District in the north, Margallah hills of Islamabad in the south east, Swat valley in the north-west, Buner and Swabi districts in the west. Besides Swabi, Mansehra and Abbottabad districts of NWFP, two districts of Punjab province i.e. Attock and Rawalpindi lie on the south west and south east respectively of Haripur district. The Federal Capital Islamabad is also adjacent to the district in the south. Population Haripur's population was estimated to be 803,000 in 2005. Out of those only 12.0% of the population live in urban areas, while, the rest (88.0%) of the population lives in the rural areas. The population is spread over 1,725 km², with population density of 401.3 persons per km², this compares to the average population density of 233 persons per km², in the North West Frontier as whole. The average household size of the district is 6.6 persons per household compared to 8 at the provincial level.

Language

According to the 1998 District Census Report, Hindko is the predominant language in the district, representing 68% of population, followed by Pushto (28.9%), Punjabi (1.8%), and Urdu (0.5%).

Growth rate

The average annual growth rate for the district during the 1981 to 1998 inter-census period has been 2.19%, lower than the provincial average (2.8%) and almost equal to the national average i.e. 2.2%.

Literacy rate

The overall literacy rate for Haripur district is 53.7%, substantially higher than the provincial literacy rate in NWFP (35.2%). The female literacy rate is dismally low at 37.4% compared to male literacy of 70.5%. The urban rural break down show that rural literacy is lower (51.4%) than urban literacy (69.7%).

Education

Haripur District has a Post Graduate College, that is funded by the Government, Providing education on Higher level. The city also has two Colleges for Girls which are also funded by the Government to provide Higher Education for Girls coming all around the City. Government schools Haripur has 907 government primary schools, including 656 for boys and 251 for girls, in 2000–2001. In addition to government primary schools, 166 mosque schools were also functional in the district during this period. The 907 government primary schools are there to cater a primary school age population (5–9 years) of 101,670, out of which 52,240 (51.38%) were boys and 49,430 (48.61%) were girls. The ratio of the primary schools with the primary school going age population indicates a limited access of the children to primary education. The district had 83 middle schools (56 for boys & 27 for girls), during 2001. Jinnah Jamia Public school and college Haripur. Sir Syed Model School and College. Basri Public school & College. Sadat Model Public School. Hazara Public School. Pakistan International Public School. Merit schooling system. Beaconhouse schooling system. Fauji foundation model school. Apart from these Private Public Schools there are other highly reputed Government Schools for Girls and Boys providing education in the Heart of City.

The mosque schools were introduced under the National Education Policy 1979 at the time of Fifth Five-Year Plan 1978–83. A mosque school is organized on the basis of 20–30 students, having normally one PTC teacher and Imam of the mosque as staff members, a shorter teaching programme (about four hours a day), same curriculum as of primary schools in addition to teaching of Holy Quran-e-Nazira (recitation of the Quran). The students qualifying from such schools are eligible for admission in formal schools for higher education. During 2000–2001, 166 mosque schools (15.47% of the total primary schools) were functioning in district, while in 1997–98, this number was 180.[citation needed] Details about the number of teachers and students, curricular activities and performance of these schools are not available. The school age population catered by the mosque schools is not available. Neither, we have data to assess the role of these schools in primary education.

Industries

Haripur District is comparatively more industrialised than other districts in the NWF Province. Hattar Industrial area is a very big area with round about 200 factories. There are many biggest factory units here like Telephone Factory, Hazara fertilizers, Pak-China fertilizers, Terbela cotton mills etc. Furthermore, many small and big industrial factories are made in the Hatar industrial state such as Dewan Salman Fibre and Heavy Electrical Complex. Because of these industries this district is playing an important role at country level in the economic development. Since the Huripur has developed situation of medium and big industries, its role in the agricultural field is also admirable. This district especially provides fruits and vegetable not only to Peshawar but also to Islamabad and the Punjab. There is more likelihood of social and economical development due to the project of Ghazi Brotha and motorway from Peshawer to Islamabad.

Famous places

Tarbela Dam/Lake. Khanpur Lake Baldher, Rehana, the home town of (former president of Pakistan) Field Marshal Ayub Khan, Mankrai (an old Turkic settlement which is famous for its old ruins also it is my village) and Sirikot and Beer Station waly Masjid The only major railway station of Haripur city is located within the boundaries of Pandak . Kholian bala is a beautiful village. It is surrunded with beautiful hills having pine trees

Ali Khan Haripur Central Ladarmang Sikandarpur
Bagra , Baitgali Haripur North Mankrai Sirya
Bakka Haripur South Shah Maqsood Tarbela
Bandi Sher Khan Hattar Najifpur Tofkian
Barkot Jabri Pandak Baitgali
Beer Jatti Pind Pannian Ghazi(Tehsil)
Bherrary Kalinjar Pind Hasham Khan Kotehrra (Ghazi)
Breela Khalabat Pind Kamal Khan Kundi (Ghazi)
Darwesh Khanpur Rehana Nara Amazai (Ghazi)
Dheendah Kholian Bala Serai Niamat Khan Qazipur (Ghazi)
Dingi Kot Najeebullah Serai Saleh Sirikot (Ghazi)
Watch some pictures from history | Famous people from HaripurUnion Councils

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